The design of the Damen station, seen on August 9, 1946, was typical of the Victorian-style station houses originally built for the Lake Street Elevated in 1893-94. Within two years of the photo being taken, the station would be closed. It, and all of the surrounding buildings, would eventually be cleared. For a larger view, click here. (Charles E. Keevil photo, Walter R. Keevil archive)
Damen Avenue and Lake Street, Near West Side
Lake Street Division
Established: November 6, 1893
Original Line: Lake Street Elevated Railroad
Previous Names: Robey Street
Skip-Stop Type: n/a
Rebuilt: 2018-20 (projected)
Status: Under construction
Robey Street station was typical of those built in 1892-93 for the Lake Street Elevated Railroad -- similar to stations at Ashland, Homan and Sacramento, among many others -- designed by its engineering staff and built by the Lloyd and Pennington Company.
A flagman protects workers on the platform from passing trains as crews dismantle the Damen station on the Lake Street Elevated in 1949. For a larger view, click here. (CTA photo, from CTA Transit News)
The station had twin station houses and side platforms for boarding inbound and outbound trains. The station houses were designed in a Queen Anne style with a Victorian Gothic influence. The station houses had gabled roofs with two windowless gabled dormers each. Each roof was topped with a unique square cupola with a diamond pattern and a steeply hipped roof with a small gabled dormer in each of the four sides. These structures represent a unique attempt to apply the Queen Anne architectural style.
The station had side platforms, covered by tin-covered peaked-roof canopies supported by a row of steel center posts. The posts had decorative elements cast into them, most notably in the top angle bracket that supported the canopy braces. The Lake Street Elevated stations also originally had elaborate railings on the platforms with decorative scroll metalwork.
Robey station was renamed Damen by the early 1930s, when the street it served was renamed.
The station was closed in 1948 when the CTA revamped service on the Lake Street Line -- the first of a series of line-by-line service overhauls -- by closing 10 little-used stations and implementing A/B skip-stop service to speed up trains on the route. The station, along with Morgan, Racine, Oakley, Campbell, Sacramento, and Kostner, was demolished in early 1949. Prior to the start of wrecking work, all usable equipment, such as newer lumber, doors, and newer railings were removed for reuse elsewhere. Platform girders from the dismantled stations were reused to lengthen platforms at other "L" stations.
A New Damen Station Returns
A 2002 study by the Chicago Department of Transportation examined daily boarding at potential new "in-fill" stations -- stations that close the gap between existing stations, particularly where those gaps are longer than typical intervals between stops -- on the Lake Street and South Side main line Green Line branches, including Morgan on the Lake Street branch. Based on that study, the City built stations on the Green Line at Morgan in 2012 and Cermak-McCormick Place in 2015. Damen was one of the other sites on the Lake branch studied at the time, being projected to have the second highest number of boardings of the locations analyzed.
Mayor Emanuel announces plans for a new Damen station at the Ashland station on February 9, 2017. Behind Emanuel and to the left are CTA chairman Peterson and president Carter; to the immediate right is CDOT commissioner Scheinfeld. For a larger view, click here. (Photo courtesy of the CTA)
On February 9, 2017, Mayor Rahm Emanuel joined Alderman Walter Burnett, CTA President Dorval R. Carter and city officials to announce plans for a new station on the Green Line at Damen. The new station will fill a 1.5-mile gap between existing Green Line stations at California and Ashland to better serve the growing business corridor and residential neighborhood on Chicago's Near West side.
The CTA will work in coordination with the Chicago Department of Transportation, the Chicago Department of Planning and Development and community stakeholders to carry out the project. Funding for the project will be provided by the Kinzie Industrial Corridor Tax Increment Financing district. Ald. Burnett said he is also lobbying state and federal agencies to help offset the cost of the project.1
The Damen station will serve a Near West Side community that has seen notable residential and commercial growth in recent years. The new station will improve public transit options for businesses in the Kinzie Corridor and nearby residents, including tenants of the Chicago Housing Authority's Villages of Westhaven complex.
The station will also serve visitors to the United Center. Although it is not the new station's sole or primary purpose, officials had been eyeing better service to the United Center for some time. A new station closer to the United Center on the Pink Line at Madison had been suggested in the past by transit advocates, but officials said the area just north of the United Center had sparked residential and commercial growth in recent years, making Damen a better site so the station could serve multiple markets and functions. The TIF funding that is being used to finance the station's construction is also available at the Damen site, but a Madison station would be outside of the Kinzie Industrial Corridor TIF boundaries and other funding for a Madison station is not readily available.
The $60 million Damen station project is being led by CDOT and is being designed by Perkins+Will, a global architecture and design firm known for striking transit station projects around the world.
View of the planned Damen station, with the open, airy station house and signature green steel bridge, looking west. For a larger view, click here. (Perkins+Will rendering, courtesy of the CTA)
In July 2018, designs and renderings were released showing the design for the planned station. The first public images of the new station were unveiled July 9 by Mayor Rahm Emanuel and officials from the Chicago Department of Transportation (CDOT), the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) and Ald. Walter Burnett of the 27th Ward.2
The modern station is designed to be open and airy, with intuitive circulation and striking, signature visual elements. According to Perkins+Will,
The concepts of transparency and open plan will result in a station that is safe, where patrons have clear site lines within the station and to and from the street, supporting its use at all hours of the day and night. The station materials and design elements were chosen and arranged to enhance and simplify the user experience of the facility. Design of the circulation spaces - public spaces, entrances, stairs, escalators, elevators - will be laid out to encourage intuitive wayfinding for users and to provide easy access to local community amenities, pedestrian and bike paths and other modes of transit.3
The design features is topped by a glass-enclosed bridge with exposed green steel trusses connecting the inbound and outbound platforms, while providing spectacular views of the downtown skyline. The green trusses along the bridge reflect the name of the CTA line and are a dynamic reference to the famous steel bridges throughout the city and a memorable icon for the station.4 The visible structure of the pedestrian bridge, with green support beams forming triangles, will reference other Chicago steel bridges, according to the city.5
Rendering of the station house interior, showing its open feel, high ceiling, and grand staircase. For a larger view, click here. (Perkins+Will rendering, courtesy of the CTA)
The station will have a ground-level station house on the southwest corner of Damen and Lake, on a 12,300 square foot city-owned parcel. The entrance is designed to be an striking space, with not only a large footprint and capacity, but a two-story ceiling and full-height windows facing Damen and a plaza in front. The plaza will feature a bus waiting shelter -- an extension of the station building structure -- with benches, information posters and digital screens, and, although absent from the renderings, will include landscaping, per CDOT spokesperson Mike Claffey.6
The station house and the area outside it are so large, Claffey said, to accommodate crowds going to and coming from the United Center. He said his department counted about 160 events
at the stadium annually.7
The station house will feature a low concrete wall on the south and west sides, and a wood-paneled south wall and ceiling. After passing through the turnstiles, passengers will encounter a grand stair and escalator ascending to an indoor lobby at platform level, with doors leading directly to the inbound platform and another set of stairs up to the transfer bridge to cross over to the outbound platform.
The station will feature dual side platforms extending across Damen Avenue. The platforms will have precast concrete decks. Each platform will have a canopy covering most of its length. Renderings show each canopy designed with a flat, angled roof cantilevered from a row of I-beam support columns along the back of the platform.
The platforms will have non-accessible auxiliary exits at both ends of each platform, in addition to the single entrance on the southeast side of the station. Asked by Streetsblog Chicago why either platform -- but especially the outbound platform -- could not have an unstaffed high-barrier gate (HBG) auxiliary entrance for more direct access, Claffey said that if there was a non-accessible entrance to the westbound platform there would have to be an accessible entrance to the westbound platform. And if there’s another accessible entrance, then there has to be another CTA station assistant,8 something that was presumably felt to not be preferable.
Officials break ground for the new Damen Green Line station on April 25, 2018. For a larger view, click here. (CTA Photo)
Station Renovation Work
CDOT and CTA broke ground on the new Damen station on April 25, 2018 at an event attended by CTA President Dorval Carter, CDOT Commissioner Rebekah Scheinfeld and and Alderman Walter Burnett (27th Ward).
The initiative will start with a $12.9 million project to fully reconstruct a half-mile stretch of Lake Street from Ashland to Damen. The roadway work will improve access for trucks in the bustling Kinzie Industrial Corridor by increasing the vertical clearance under the "L" tracks, and will also begin the foundation for the new station by relocating four structural columns that support the elevated tracks at the intersection of Damen and Lake to accommodate the new station. The Lake Street reconstruction project will be complete by the end of 2018.
Following the relocation of the columns at Damen, work on the foundation is expected to start in late 2018 with work on the station house to start in the spring of 2019.
The station is expected to open in 2020.9
View of the planned Damen station, with the open, airy station house and signature green steel bridge, looking west at dusk. (Perkins+Will rendering, courtesy of the CTA)
Rendering of the platform level, looking south from the outbound platform toward the inbound platform, with the overhead transfer bridge connecting the platforms. (Perkins+Will rendering, courtesy of the CTA)
View looking west on the inbound platform, with the elevator towers, transfer bridge, and station house visible in the background. (Perkins+Will rendering, courtesy of the CTA)
Conceptual view inside the signature overhead transfer bridge, looking southeast with the downtown skyline visible on the left and the United Center and West Side on the right. To the right are the stairs and elevator to the inbound platform and station house; access to the outbound platform is behind. The portion of the bridge ahead is strictly for observation and scene-viewing. (Perkins+Will rendering, courtesy of the CTA)
1. Lulay, Stephanie. "New $50 Million Green Line Station Planned Near United Center". DNAinfo Chicago, February 9, 2017.
2. "Perkins+Will-Designed Damen Green Line Station Will Enhance Access and Economic Development in the Near West Side." perkinswill.com, July 16, 2018. Accessed January 29, 2019.
5. Wisniewski, Mary, "City releases design of new Damen Green Line CTA station." Chicago Tribune, July 9, 2018.
6. Vance, Steven, “City Should Raise Priority of Using Damen Green Line Station to Prime Good Land Use.” Streetsblog Chicago blog, Aug 15, 2018.
9. Wisniewski, ibid.